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Saturn

Saturn

Diameter (km)120.536
Distance to sun (km)1,424,600,000
Equator (km)365,882
Temperature-139

<p>Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. </p>It is a gas giant with a mean radius of about nine times that of Earth. It only has one-eighth the density of Earth; however, with its larger volume, Saturn is over 95 times more massive. Saturn is named after the Roman god of riches and agriculture; its astronomical symbol (ā™„) represents the god's sickle. Saturn's interior is most likely composed of a core of iron--nickel and stone (silicon and oxygen compounds). Its center is surrounded by an intermediate layer of liquid hydrogen, a deep layer of metallic hydrogen and helium, and finally a gaseous coating. Saturn has a hue because of ammonia crystals at its atmosphere. An electric current within the hydrogen layer is thought to contribute to the planetary magnetic field, which is weaker than the Earth's, but has a magnetic moment of Saturn 580 times that of Earth because of Saturn's larger dimensions.



Saturn's magnetic field strength is of Jupiter's. The outer atmosphere is usually bland and lacking in contrast, although features can appear. Wind speeds on Saturn can reach 1,800 km/h (1,100 mph; 500 m/s), greater compared to Jupiter, but not as large as those on Neptune. In January 2019, astronomers reported that a day around the planet Saturn has been decided to be 10h 33m 38s + 1m 52sāˆ’ 1m 19s, according to studies of the world's C Ring.The world's most famous feature is its prominent ring system, which is composed mostly of ice particles, with a smaller amount of rocky debris and dust. At least 82 moons are known to orbit Saturn, of which 53 are named. Titan, the second-largest in the Solar System, and Saturn's largest moon, is the only moon in the Solar System to have a substantial atmosphere, and is larger than the planet Mercury, although less massive.

Source: Wikipedia

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