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Population 17,951,639
Budget$ 2,020,500,000
Manpower 100000
Aircrafts 452
Fighters 208
Helicopters 154
Attack helicopters 27
Fleet 43
Aircraftcarriers 0
Submarines 0
Nuclear weapons 0


After a request from the Syrian government for military assistance against rebel groups, the Russian military intervened in the Syrian civil War. It was also known as the Russian invasion of Syria by The Syrian Opposition. Initial air strikes were conducted by Russian aircraft at the Khmeimim base, against targets in northern Syria and the Army of Conquest. Russian military advisors and special operations forces are also deployed to Syria. Before the intervention, Russian participation in the Syrian Civil War was primarily limited to supplying the Syrian Army arms and equipment. The Russian government declared that its troops would be permanently deployed to Syria at the end of December 2017. This was in addition to fighting terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State. Russian officials are quoted as saying that Russia's goal is to help the Syrian government retake territory from anti-government groups. These groups were labeled by the United States and American-led intervention as'moderate opposition'. A larger geopolitical objective is to reduce U.S. influence. In a televised interview, Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, stated that the military operation was well-prepared. He also said that Russia wanted to help the Syrian government retake territory from various anti-government groups. The US-led intervention in Syria in 2016 saw the retaking of Palmyra, the capital of Syria, and the breaking of the three-year-old siege of Deir ez-Zor. Russia regained control of the city in November 2017. The Chief of the Russian Armed Forces' General Staff Valery Gerasimov stated that the Russian Air Force had conducted 19,160 combat missions and carried out 71,000 strikes against terrorist infrastructure. The Russian defense minister stated at the end of December 2017 that several thousand terrorists had been eliminated and that 48,000 Russian service members had gained combat experience during the Russian operation to Syria.

According to the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, between September 2015 and February 2016, Russian air strikes had killed more than 1,700 civilians including over 200 children. The Violations Documentation Centre and the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR), put the figure at more than 2,000. SNHRs report states that Russian air strikes have killed more civilians then either the Islamic State of the Syrian Army. Unguided bombs and cluster bombs were used, as well as incendiaries that are similar to whitephosphorus or thermobaric weapons. The SOHR reported that Russian airstrikes had killed approximately 5,703 civilians. This included a quarter of the children and 4,258 ISIL fighters. There were also 3,893 rebel forces and 3,893 incendiaries similar to white phosphorus. Russia has close economic and diplomatic ties with several countries, including China, Egypt and Iraq. However, the reaction of close US governments was often negative. Many governments denounced Russia's role in the war and highlighted its complicity with the Syrian regime's war crimes. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have declared that Russia is engaging in war crimes and deliberately targeting civilians. The United States government condemned the intervention and imposed sanctions economic against Russia for supporting Syria's government. Officials at the United Nations condemned the Russian intervention, saying Russia was committing war crime. The Russian authorities dismissed the negative statements as politically motivated and false. Its critics accuse it of barbarism and thereby drawing even more condemnation from governments that support rebel groups.

Source: Wikipedia