The Royal Netherlands Army was given the task of defending Suriname after the establishment of the Statute in the Kingdom of Netherlands. However, the Royal Netherlands Navy was responsible for the defense of the Netherlands Antilles. The army established a separate Netherlands Armed Forces (Dutch Troepenmacht, TRIS) in Suriname. This force was transformed into the Surinamese Armed Forces, or Surinamese Krijgsmacht (SKM) upon independence in 1975. A group of 15 non-commissioned officers, one junior officer and one sergeant major Desi Bouterse led by one senior officer staged a coup d'état and overthrew government on February 25, 1980.