A multi-state NATO-led coalition launched a military intervention against Libya on 19 March 2011. This was in response to the First Libyan Civil War. The UN Security Council voted with ten votes to approve and five abstentions to declare an immediate ceasefire in Libya. It also stated that it would end the current attacks on civilians as "crimes against humanity".... [imposing] a ban all flights within the country's airspace -- a no fly zone -- and increased sanctions against the Muammar Qadhafi and his supporters.
The British and American naval forces fired more than 110 Tomahawk cruise missiles. Meanwhile, the Royal Canadian Air Force, British Royal Air Force and French Air Force conducted sorties through Libya and a naval blockade imposed by Coalition forces. French jets launched air attacks against Libyan Army vehicles and tanks. French jets launched air strikes against Libyan Army tanks and vehicles. Operation Harmattan is the French intervention, Operation Ellamy is the United Kingdom's response and Operation Mobile is for the Canadian participation. Operation Odyssey Dawn is for the United States. Italy initially refused to participate in the intervention, but offered to accept it on condition that NATO would take the lead of the mission and not individual countries (especially France).