The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Hebrew: TSbaA hahaganah lyiSHraAel Tsva ha-Hagana le-Yisrael The Army of Defense for Israel (also known as the Hebrew-language acronym Tzahal, or "TSh"l) is a combined military force of the State of Israel. It consists of three branches: the Israeli Ground Forces and the Israeli Air Force, and the Israeli Navy. It is the only military wing of Israel's security forces and does not have any civilian jurisdiction. The Chief of General Staff is the head of the IDF, and is subordinated to the Israeli Defense Ministry.
On 26 May 1948, David Ben-Gurion issued an order establishing the IDF as a conscript army from the ranks the Haganah and Irgun paramilitary organisations. Since its independence, the IDF has been involved in all armed conflicts that have engulfed Israel. GlobalSecurity.org says that the IDF is one of the best-trained armed forces worldwide, having been involved in numerous wars and border conflict throughout its short history. Although it initially operated on three fronts, namely against Syria and Lebanon in the north and Jordan and Iraq in east and Egypt in south, the IDF has now shifted its focus to southern Lebanon, the Palestinian Territories, and Israel-Jordan since 1994.