Javascript must be enabled to use all features of this site and to avoid misfunctions
El Salvador - Size Explorer - Compare the world
HOME
Select category:
Military Power
Select category
NEW
Country 1

Country 2

Advertising

Cancel

Search in

Ranking
Play

Home
Search
Account

El Salvador

El Salvador
Change

El Salvador
Population 6,000,000
Budget$ 295,680,000
Manpower 21000
Aircrafts 47
Fighters 0
Helicopters 29
Attack helicopters 0
Fleet 4
Aircraftcarriers 0
Submarines 0
Nuclear weapons 0

Informations

Officially known as El Salvador's Republic of El Salvador (Spanish Republica de El Salvador), the Salvadoran military government was the time period in Salvadoran history when the Salvadoran Armed Forces governed for nearly 48 years, from 2 December 1931 to 15 October 1979. The dictatorial military dictatorship that ruled the country restricted political rights and maintained its control through rigged and fixed election results. After Arturo Araujo Fajardo was overthrown by a military coup detat, the military took power in El Salvador. On 4/12/1931, the military made Araujo Fajardos Vice-President Brigadier General Maximiliano Martinez acting president. After strikes and protests from students in San Salvador, he remained in power until being forced to resign on May 9, 1944. Three short-lived Presidents followed him, which was then succeeded in 1950 by Oscar Osorio. Jose Maria Lemus was his successor and was overthrown by a military coup in 1960. Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo replaced him in 1962. The country was ruled by the National Conciliation Party (PCN), which was de facto a one-party state. Opposition parties existed but had no real power. On 15 October 1979, young military officers overthrew President Carlos Humberto Romero Mena. They then established the Revolutionary Government Junta.



This joint civilian-military government ruled the country between 1979 and 1982. The end of the military government was the start of the 12 year-long Salvadoran Civil War. Many atrocities were committed and human rights violations were a result. The Salvadoran Army, led by Hernandez Martinez, massacred between 10,000 and 40,000 indigenous peasants in response to a communist uprising that occurred in El Salvador in 1932. This event is known as La Matanza in El Salvador. Rivera Carballo established the National Democratic Organization in 1965. Rivera Carballo in 1965 established the National Democratic Organization. It consisted of paramilitaries and death-squads from far-right who tortured political opponents and intimidated voters. They also rigged elections and killed peasants. Fidel Sanchez Hernandez, President of the Football War with Honduras, initiated it in July 1969. He claimed that violence against Salvadorans had been allowed to continue unchecked by the Honduran government after El Salvador's win over Honduras at the 1970 FIFA World Cup qualifiers. Mena directed soldiers to use live ammunition against a group of protestors in March 1979. Due to its anti-communist stance which was in line with Cold War interests, the United States supported the military regime.

Source: Wikipedia