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Population 1,300,000,000
Budget$ 250,240,000,000
Manpower 2000000
Aircrafts 3285
Fighters 1200
Helicopters 912
Attack helicopters 281
Fleet 777
Aircraftcarriers 2
Submarines 79
Nuclear weapons 350


Peoples Liberation Army (PLA), also known as the Armed Forces of the Peoples Republic of China, is the arm of the ruling party, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and the founding and ruling political party of the PRC. The Central Military Commission (CMC), along with several minor units, is the PLA's armed forces. It also has five major service branches: Ground Force (PLAGF), Navy(PLAAF), Air Force [PLAAF], Rocket Force (PLARF) and Strategic Support Force (PLASSF). The origins of the PLA can be traced back to the left-wing units in the National Revolutionary Army of the Kuomintang, which broke away from the government on the 1 August 1927. They were part of an uprising against nationalist government as China Red Army. They were reintegrated into NRA units of New Fourth Army or Eighth Route Army during Second Sino-Japanese War. On October 10, 1947, the two NRA communist units were reconstituted as the PLA. The majority of military units in the country are assigned one of five theatre commands based on their geographical location. The PLA, which does not include paramilitary and reserve forces, is the largest military force in the world. It also has the second-largest defense budget. It has also been called a potential military superpower due to its rapid modernization.

For legal and governmental functions, the Party CMC is known as the State CMC and the ceremonial Ministry of National Defense (MoD), for diplomatic functions. The PLA must follow the CCPs absolute civilian command of the military, under the doctrine of party commands the gun (Chinese Dang Zhi Hui Qiang; pinyin Dang Zhihui Qiang). This speech was taken from Mao Zedong's speech at an emergency meeting of top party leaders on the 7th August 1927. The PLA is therefore not a traditional national army, but rather a political army, or the armed branch, of the CCP. Its loyalty is to the party and not any state. The Chairman of the Central Military Commission is its commander-in-chief. This person is customarily also the General Secretary to the Chinese Communist Party. China has used nine different military strategies since 1949. These are called strategic guidelines by the PLA. The greatest were in 1956, 1980, 1993. The Peoples Armed Police and China Militia serve as support and reserve elements for the PLAGF in times of national emergency. The PLA is represented politically in the National Peoples Congress by 294 deputies. All of them are CCP members.

Source: Wikipedia