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Uzbekistan / COVID-19
Population 29,735,700
Total Confirmed 240856
Active 239219
Total deaths 1637
Total recovered 0
Death rate 0.68 %


Uzbekistan (UK: , US: ; Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston, pronounced [ozbekiˈstɒn]), officially Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a country in Central Asia. It's surrounded by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Tajikistan to the southeast; Afghanistan to the south and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Along with Liechtenstein, it is one of only two doubly landlocked countries. As a sovereign state, Uzbekistan is a secular constitutional republic. It comprises 12 provinces (vilayats) and one autonomous republic (Republic of Karakalpakstan). The capital and largest city of Uzbekistan is Tashkent. What is Uzbekistan was in early times part of the region of Turan and Transoxiana. The first recorded settlers were Eastern Iranian nomads, called Scythians, who founded kingdoms in Khwarezm (8th--6th centuries BC), Bactria (8th--6th centuries BC), Sogdia (8th--6th centuries BC), Fergana (3rd century BC -- 6th century AD), and Margiana (3rd century BC -- 6th century AD). The area was ruled by the Parthian Empire and later, was incorporated into the Achaemenid Empire and, after a period of Macedonian Greek rule by the Sasanian Empire, before the Arab conquest of Iran in the 7th century. The Muslim conquest in the 7th century transformed the majority of the population, including the local ruling classes, into adherents of Islam. In this period, cities like Samarkand, Khiva and Bukhara began to grow rich from the Silk Road, and witnessed the emergence of the Islamic Golden Age of figures, such as Al-Tirmidhi Muhammad al-Bukhari, Ismail Samani, al-Biruni, and Avicenna. Central Asia as a whole, and the Khwarezmian dynasty, were decimated by the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. Following the Mongol Conquests, the area became increasingly dominated by peoples. The town of Shahrisabz was the birthplace of this Turco-Mongol conqueror Tamerlane (Timur), who in the 14th century established the Timurid Empire and was proclaimed the Supreme Emir of Turan with his capital in Samarkand, which became a world centre of science under the principle of Ulugh Beg, giving birth to the Timurid Renaissance. Uzbek Shaybanids in the 16th century defeated the Timurid dynasty's territories, moving the centre of electricity from Samarkand to Bukhara. The region was divided into three states: Khanate of Khiva, Khanate of Kokand and Emirate of Bukhara. Conquests by Emperor Babur towards the East led the foundation of the proto-industrialised Mughal Empire of India. It was gradually integrated into the Russian Empire with Tashkent getting Russian Turkestan's centre. In 1924, after delimitation, the constituent republic of the Soviet Union called the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created. August 1991, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31. Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to its storied history and strategic location. Its inherent official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in the Latin alphabet and spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population. Russian has use as an communication language and as a language of governance. Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians (5.4%), Tajiks (4.0%), Kazakhs (3.0%) and others (6.5%). While 5% of the population follow Russian Orthodox Christianity and 16% of the population follow other religions or are non-religious, muslims constitute 79% of the population. A majority of Uzbeks are Muslims. Uzbekistan is a member of the SCO, OSCE, UN and the CIS. While formally a democratic republic, by 2008 non-governmental human rights organisations defined Uzbekistan as"an authoritarian state with limited civil rights".Following the death of Islam Karimov in 2016, the next president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, began a new course, which was described as a A Quiet Revolution and Revolution from Above. He said he planned to abolish cotton slaveryuse of child labor, and exit visas, and to introduce a tax reform and create four new economic zones and he has amnestied some political prisoners. Relations with the countries of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan drastically improved. However, the Amnesty International report on human rights in the nation for 2017/2018 clarified continued repressive measures, such as forced labour in cotton harvesting, and restrictions on the movement of'freed' prisoners.The Uzbek economy is in a slow transition into the market economy, with foreign trade policy being based on import substitution. The nation's money became convertible at market rates. Uzbekistan is a significant producer and exporter of cotton. With an ample supply of natural gas and the Soviet era's gigantic power-generation centers, Uzbekistan has been the biggest electricity producer in Central Asia. Renewable energy constitutes more than 23% of the country's energy industry, with hydroelectricity and solar energy having 21.4% and 2% respectively. As of late 2018, the republic was given a BB- rating by both Standard and Poor (S&P) and Fitch. Strengths signaled by Brookings Institution include Uzbekistan having large assets, high economic growth and low debt. By changing it accounts for sectors of the economy One of the constraints holding the republic back are low GDP something the government could influence.

Source: Wikipedia