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Tanzania / COVID-19
Population 41,048,532
Total Confirmed 1367
Active 1317
Total deaths 50
Total recovered 0
Death rate 3.66 %

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Tanzania (, Swahili: [tanza╦łni.a]), officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania. Many important hominid fossils have been found in Tanzania, such as 6-million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils. The genus Australopithecus ranged around Africa 4 to 2 million years ago; and the earliest remains of the genus Homo are located near Lake Olduvai. Observing the rise of Homo erectus 1.8 million years ago, humanity spread all over the Old World, and afterwards in the New World and Australia under the species Homo sapiens. Homo sapiens also overtook Africa and consumed the older primitive species and subspecies of humanity. Among the earliest known ethnic groups still existing, the Hadzabe, appears to have originated in Tanzania, and their oral history recalls ancestors who were tall and were the first to use fire, medicine, and lived in caves, much like Homo erectus or Homo heidelbergensis who lived in exactly the exact same region before them. Later in the Stone and Bronze Age, prehistoric migrations into Tanzania comprised Southern Cushitic speakers who moved south from present-day Ethiopia; Eastern Cushitic people who moved into Tanzania from north of Lake Turkana about 2,000 and 4,000 years ago; and the Southern Nilotes, including the Datoog, who originated from the present-day South Sudan--Ethiopia border area between 2,900 and 2,400 years back. These moves took place at roughly the same time as the settlement of the Mashariki Bantu from West Africa in the Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika areas. They subsequently migrated across the remainder of Tanzania between 2,300 and 1,700 years ago.German rule began in mainland Tanzania through the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa. This was followed closely by British rule after World War I. The mainland was governed as Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago staying another colonial jurisdiction. After their respective independence in 1961 and 1963, the two entities merged in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania. The nations had joined the British Commonwealth in 1961 and Tanzania is still a member of the Commonwealth as one republic.The United Nations estimated Tanzania's 2018 population at 56.31 million, which is slightly smaller than South Africa, which makes it the 2nd most populous nation located entirely south of the Equator. The population is composed of about 120 cultural, linguistic, and religious groups. The sovereign state of Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic and since 1996 its official capital city has been Dodoma in which the president's office, the National Assembly, and a few government ministries are located. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, keeps most government offices and is the country's largest city, chief port, and leading commercial centre. Tanzania is a de facto one-party state with the democratic socialist Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power. Tanzania is mountainous and densely populated in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the west and north lie Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. To the south lies Lake Malawi. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar's largest marine protected area. The Kalambo Falls, located on the Kalambo River in the Zambian border, is the next highest uninterrupted waterfall in Africa.Christianity is the greatest religion in Tanzania, but there are also large Muslim and Animist minorities. Over 100 distinct languages are spoken in Tanzania, which makes it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. The country doesn't have a de jure official language, although the national language is Swahili. Swahili is used in parliamentary debate, in the lower courts, and as a medium of education in primary school. English is used in foreign trade, in diplomacy, in higher courts, and as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education, although the Tanzanian government is planning to discontinue English as the primary language of instruction but it will be available as an optional course. Approximately 10 per cent of Tanzanians speak Swahili as a first language, and up to 90 per cent speak it as a second language.

Source: Wikipedia