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Sudan / COVID-19
Population 39,379,358
Total Confirmed 62624
Active 57673
Total deaths 4951
Total recovered 0
Death rate 7.91 %


Sudan (; Arabic: السودان‎ as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in North-East Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast. Sudan has a population of 43 million (2018 quote ) and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres (728,215 square miles), making it Africa's third-largest country and also the third-largest in the Arab world. It was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world by area prior to the secession of South Sudan in 2011. Sudan's history goes back to the Pharaonic period, witnessing the Kingdom of Kerma (c. 2500--1500 BC), the following rule of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. 1500 BC--1070 BC) and the growth of the Kingdom of Kush (c. 785 BC--350 AD), which would in turn control Egypt itself for almost a century. Following the fall of Kush, the Nubians formed the three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia, with the latter two lasting until around 1500. Between the 14th and 15th centuries a lot of Sudan was settled by Arab nomads. In the 16th--19th centuries, eastern and central Sudan were dominated by the Funj sultanate, while Darfur dominated the west and the Ottomans the far north. From 1820 to 1874 the entirety of Sudan was defeated by the Muhammad Ali dynasty. Between 1881 and 1885, the harsh Egyptian reign was eventually met with a successful revolt headed by the self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad, leading to the formation of the Caliphate of Omdurman. This state was eventually toppled in 1898 by the British, who would then govern Sudan together with Egypt.The 20th century saw the rise of Sudanese nationalism and in 1953 Britain granted Sudan self-government. Independence was proclaimed on 1 January 1956. Since independence, Sudan has been ruled by a series of unstable parliamentary governments and military regimes. Under Jaafar Nimeiry, Sudan instituted Islamic law in 1983. This exacerbated the rift between the Islamic north, the seat of the government and the Animists and Christians in the south. Differences in language, religion, and political power erupted in a civil war between government forces, strongly influenced by the National Islamic Front (NIF), and the southern rebels, whose strongest faction was the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), eventually concluding in the liberty of South Sudan in 2011. Between 1989 and 2019, Sudan experienced a 30-year-long military dictatorship headed by Omar al-Bashir accused of widespread human rights abuses including torture, persecution of minorities and especially, ethnic genocide due to its part in the War in the Darfur region that broke out in 2003. Overall, the program's actions killed between 300,000 and 400,000 people. Protests erupted in late 2018, demanding Bashir's resignation, which resulted in a successful coup d'état on April 11, 2019.

Source: Wikipedia