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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia / COVID-19
Population 27,000,000
Total Confirmed 795811
Active 786602
Total deaths 9209
Total recovered 0
Death rate 1.16 %


<p>Saudi Arabia the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. </p>With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest sovereign state in Western Asia, the second-largest in the Arab world (later Algeria), the fifth-largest in Asia, and the 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Egypt and Israel by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of mountains, lowland and arid desert. As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the biggest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. Saudi Arabia also has one of the world's youngest populations: 50 percent of its 33.4 million people are under 25 years old.The land that now constitutes Saudi Arabia was the site of several ancient cultures and civilizations. The prehistory of Saudi Arabia reveals some of the earliest traces of human activity on earth. The planet's second-largest religion, Islam, emerged in modern-day Saudi Arabia. In the 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad created a single Islamic religious polity and united the inhabitants of Arabia. Following his death in 632, his followers immediately expanded the territory under Muslim rule outside Arabia, beating unprecedented and huge swathes of land (in the Iberian Peninsula in the West to modern-day Pakistan in the East) in a matter of decades. Arab dynasties originating from modern-day Saudi Arabia founded the Rashidun (632--661), Umayyad (661--750), Abbasid (750--1517) and Fatimid (909--1171) caliphates in addition to many other dynasties in Asia, Africa and Europe.The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of mainly four different regions: Hejaz, Najd and portions of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir). Ibn Saud founded in 1932 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He united the four regions through a series of conquests to one state beginning in 1902 the House of Saud, with the capture of Riyadh, the home of his family. Saudi Arabia has been a absolute monarchy a dictatorship governed along lines. The ultraconservative Wahhabi religious movement in Sunni Islam has been called"the overriding feature of Saudi culture", with its worldwide spread largely financed by the oil and gas trade. Saudi Arabia is sometimes known as"the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" with regard to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam. The state's official language is Arabic. Petroleum followed up by other finds in the Eastern Province and was discovered on 3 March 1938. Saudi Arabia has since become the world's second largest oil producer (behind the US) and the world's biggest petroleum exporter, controlling the world's second largest oil reserves and the sixth largest gas reserves. The kingdom is categorized as a World Bank high-income economy with a high Human Development Index and is the only Arab nation to be part of this G-20 major economies.The nation has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its treatment of women, its excessive and often extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorism, its failure to take adequate measures against human trafficking, state-sanctioned racism and antisemitism, its poor human rights record, and its strict interpretation of Sharia law.The kingdom has the world's fifth-highest military expenditure and, according to SIPRI, was the world's second largest arms importer from 2010 to 2014. Saudi Arabia is considered a middle and regional power. In addition to the GCC, it is an active member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and OPEC.

Source: Wikipedia