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Rwanda / COVID-19
Population 11,400,000
Total Confirmed 131084
Active 129624
Total deaths 1460
Total recovered 0
Death rate 1.11 %


Rwanda is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge.

Among the smallest countries on the African mainland, its capital city is Kigali. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It's highly elevated with its own geography dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with many lakes around the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons every year. Rwanda has a population of over 12.6 million living on 26,338 km2 (10,169 mi2) of property, and is the most densely populated mainland African country. The population is young and mostly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are a forest-dwelling pygmy people and are often considered descendants of Rwanda's earliest inhabitants. Scholars disagree on the origins of and differences between the Hutu and Tutsi; some believe differences are derived from former social castes within one people, but others consider the Hutu and Tutsi arrived in the country separately, and from various locations. Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as additional official languages. The sovereign state of Rwanda has a presidential system of government. The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who has served continuously since 2000. Today, Rwanda has low levels of corruption compared with neighbouring countries, although human rights organisations report suppression of opposition groups, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of speech. The country has been governed by a rigorous administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five states delineated by boundaries drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of only three nations in the world with a female majority in the national parliament, the two other nations being Bolivia and Cuba. Hunter-gatherers settled the territory in the Stone and Iron Ages, followed later by Bantu peoples. The people coalesced first into clans and then into kingdoms. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century, with the Tutsi kings conquering others militarily, centralising power and later enacting anti-Hutu policies. Germany colonised Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which invaded in 1916 during World War I. Both European countries ruled through the kings and perpetuated a pro-Tutsi policy. The Hutu population revolted in 1959. They massacred numerous Tutsi and ultimately established an independent, Hutu-dominated republic in 1962. A 1973 military coup saw a change of leadership, but the pro-Hutu policy remained. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990. The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, both Hutus, were killed when their aircraft was shot down on 6 April 1994. Social tensions erupted in the 1994 genocide that followed, in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000--1,000,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The RPF stopped the genocide with a military victory. Rwanda's developing economy suffered greatly in the wake of the 1994 genocide, but has since strengthened. The economy is based largely on subsistence agriculture. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export. Tourism is a fast-growing business and is now the country's leading foreign exchange earner. Rwanda is one of only two nations in which mountain gorillas can be visited safely, and visitors pay high prices for gorilla tracking permits. Music and dance are an integral part of Rwandan culture, especially drums and the highly choreographed intore dance. Traditional arts and crafts are created throughout the country, including imigongo, a unique cow dung art. Rwanda has been governed as a unitary presidential system with a bicameral parliament ruled by the Rwandan Patriotic Front as 1994. The country is part of the African Union, the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, COMESA, OIF and the East African Community.

Source: Wikipedia