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Mongolia / COVID-19
Population 3,179,997
Total Confirmed 217546
Active 216602
Total deaths 944
Total recovered 0
Death rate 0.43 %

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Mongolia ( (listen), Mongolian: Монгол Улс, transcription: Mongol Uls, Traditional Mongolian: ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ, transliteration: Mongγol ulus) is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is occasionally used to refer to the current state. It's sandwiched between Russia to the north and China to the south, where it neighbours the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometres (23 mi) separate them. At 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia is the 18th-largest and also the most sparsely populated sovereign country on earth, with a population of over 3.3 million people. It's also the world's second-largest landlocked country, behind Kazakhstan, along with the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to approximately 45% of the country's population. Ulaanbaatar also shares the rank of the world's coldest capital city with Moscow, Ottawa, and Nur-Sultan. Approximately 30% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic; horse culture remains integral. The majority of its population is Buddhist. The non-religious population is the second-largest group. Islam is the dominant faith among ethnic Kazakhs. Most the state's taxpayers are of Mongol ethnicity, although Kazakhs, Tuvans, along with other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its involvement in regional economic and trade groups.The area of what is now Mongolia continues to be ruled by various nomadic empires, such as the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the very first Turkic Khaganate, and many others. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous land empire in history. His grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan dynasty. Following the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict, except during the era of Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan. In the 16th century, Tibetan Buddhism began to spread in Mongolia, being further led by the Manchu-founded Qing dynasty, which consumed the country in the 17th century. By the early 1900s, almost one-third of the adult male inhabitants were Buddhist monks. Following the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911, Mongolia declared independence, and attained actual independence from the Republic of China in 1921. Soon thereafter, the country came under the control of the Soviet Union, which had aided its independence from China. In 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was founded as a socialist country. Following the anti-Communist revolutions of 1989, Mongolia conducted its own peaceful democratic revolution in early 1990. This led to a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and transition to a market economy. Mongolia is a member of the United Nations, Asia Cooperation Dialogue, G77, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Non-Aligned Movement and NATO global partner.

Source: Wikipedia