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Iraq / COVID-19
Population 28,946,000
Total Confirmed 1895459
Active 1874581
Total deaths 20878
Total recovered 0
Death rate 1.10 %

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Iraq (, (listen) or ; Arabic: اَلْعِرَاق‎, al-ʿirāq; Kurdish: عێراق‎ Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاقِ‎ Jumhūriyyah al-ʿIrāq; Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق‎ Komarî Êraq), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse groups including Arabs, Assyrians, Kurds, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians, Sabians and Kawliya. Around 99% of the country's 38 million citizens are Muslims, with little minorities of Yarsans, Christians, Yezidis and Mandeans. The official languages of Iraq are Kurdish and Arabic. Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 kilometers (36 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf and encircles the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern portion of the Syrian Desert. Two rivers, Euphrates and the Tigris, run south through Iraq and into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. These rivers provide significant amounts of soil to Iraq. The region between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, historically called Mesopotamia, is often referred to as the cradle of civilisation. It was here that humanity first started to read, write, create laws and reside in cities under an organised government--especially Uruk, from which"Iraq" is derived. The area was home to successive civilisations because the 6th century BC. Iraq was the centre of the Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian empires. It was also part of the Median, Achaemenid, Hellenistic, Parthian, Sassanid, Roman, Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, Ayyubid, Seljuk, Mongol, Timurid, Safavid, Afsharid and Ottoman empires.The country now known as Iraq was a region of the Ottoman Empire until the partition of the Ottoman Empire in the 20th century. It was composed of three provinces vilayets in the Ottoman language: Baghdad Vilayet Mosul Vilayet, and Basra Vilayet. In April 1920 the British Mandate of Mesopotamia was created under the jurisdiction of the League of Nations. A British-backed monarchy joining these vilayets was established under Faisal I of Iraq in 1921. The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq gained independence in 1932 from the United Kingdom. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown along with the Republic created. Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968. In 1980, Iraq invaded Iran, sparking a protracted war that would last for eight years, and ending in a stalemate with losses for both nations. After an invasion from the United States and its allies in 2003, Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party was removed from power, and parliamentary elections were held in 2005. The US presence in Iraq ended in 2011, as fighters from the Syrian War spilled to the country but the insurgency continued and intensified. Out of the insurgency came a group calling itself ISIL, which required large areas of the west and north. It has been largely defeated. Disputes over Kurdistan Region's sovereignty continue. September 2017, A referendum about the entire sovereignty of Kurdistan Region was held on 25. On 9 December 2017, then-Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory over ISIL following the group lost its territory in Iraq.Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic comprising 19 governorates (provinces) and one autonomous region (Kurdistan Region). The country's official religion is Islam. Iraq celebrates the accomplishments of its past in both post-Islamic in addition to pre-Islamic times and has a very rich heritage and is well known for its poets. Sculptors and its painters are among the finest in the world, some of them being world-class in addition to producing fine handicrafts, including carpets and rugs. Iraq is a founding member of the UN as well as of the Arab League, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the IMF.

Source: Wikipedia