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El Salvador
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El Salvador / COVID-19
Population 6,000,000
Total Confirmed 73702
Active 2647
Total deaths 2252
Total recovered 68803
Death rate 3.06 %

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El Salvador ( (listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ] (listen)), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally"Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated nation in Central America. It's bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. The capital and largest city of el Salvador is San Salvador. As of 2018, the nation had a population of roughly 6.42 million, mostly consisting of European and Native American descent.El Salvador was, for millenia, controlled by several Mesoamerican countries, especially Lenca, ancient Mayans, then later the Cuzcatlecs up until the Spanish conquest. An Olmec presence is also suggested by monuments around the first millennium BCE. From the 16th century, the Empire conquered the land, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The Viceroyalty of Mexico had little to no influence in the everyday affairs. In 1609 the area became the Captaincy General of Guatemala, where El Salvador was a part until its independence from Spain, which took place in 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, then later seceded, as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, in 1823. When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a nation, then formed a union with Honduras and Nicaragua known as the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898. From the 19th to the mid-20th century, El Salvador endured economic instability and chronic political characterized revolts by coups, and a series of rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality and civil unrest culminated in the devastating Salvadoran Civil War (1979--1992), which was fought between the military-led government and a coalition of left-wing guerrilla groups. The conflict ended with the Chapultepec Peace Accords. This settlement established a multiparty republic, which remains in place to this day. El Salvador's economy has historically been dominated by agriculture, starting with the indigo plant (añil in Spanish), the most important crop throughout the Victorian period, and followed by java, which by the early 20th century accounted for 90% of export earnings. El Salvador embarked on diversifying its economy and expanding the manufacturing sector and has since reduced its dependence on coffee. The currency of El Salvador since 1892, the colón, was replaced by the United States dollar in 2001. El Salvador ranks 14th among Latin American nations in terms of the Human Development Index and fourth in Central America (supporting Panama, Costa Rica, and Guatemala) due in part to continuing rapid industrialization. However, the country continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, inequality, and violent crime that is gang-related.

Source: Wikipedia