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Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Costa Rica / COVID-19
Population 4,301,712
Total Confirmed 904934
Active 896409
Total deaths 8525
Total recovered 0
Death rate 0.94 %


<p>Costa Rica (, US: (listen); Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally"Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. </p>It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers (19,714 square miles). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.The autonomous state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. It is known for its democracy, and for. The country spends roughly 6.9percent of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a worldwide average of 4.4%. Its economy, once dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors like corporate services for foreign companies, finance, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they profit from investment and tax incentives.Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the United Provinces of Central America, from which it declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign countries without a standing army.Costa Rica is a developed country and has always performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 68th in the world as of 2019, and fifth in Latin America. It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development compared to other countries in the same income levels, with a better grasp on human growth and inequality than the median of their region.Costa Rica also has advanced environmental policies. It is the only country to fulfill all five UNDP criteria established to measure sustainability. It was ranked 42nd in the world, and third in the Americas, in the 2016 Environmental Performance Index, and was twice rated the best performing country in the New Economics Foundation's (NEF) Happy Planet Index, which measures environmental sustainability, and was identified by the NEF as the greenest country on the planet in 2009. Costa Rica plans to be a country that is carbon-neutral by 2021. By 2019, 99.62percent of its power was generated from green sources especially hydro, wind, geothermal and solar.

Source: Wikipedia