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China / COVID-19
Population 1,300,000,000
Total Confirmed 206090
Active 5704
Total deaths 4846
Total recovered 195540
Death rate 2.35 %

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia.

It's the world's most populous country, with a population of about 1.4 billion in 2019. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million mi2), it's the world's third or fourth-largest nation by area. As a one-party state headed by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. China emerged as one of the world's first civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on total hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythical Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin reunited core China and established the first Chinese empire. The succeeding Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BCE before 220 CE, saw a number of the most advanced technology then, including papermaking and the compass, together with agricultural and healthcare improvements. The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty (618--907) and Northern Song (960--1127) completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread widely in Asia, as the new Silk Route attracted traders to as far as Mesopotamia and the Horn of Africa. The Qing Empire, China's final dynasty, suffered heavy losses to overseas colonialism. The Chinese monarchy collapsed in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution, when the Republic of China (ROC) replaced the Qing dynasty. China was invaded by Imperial Japan during World War II. The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of land in 1949, once the CCP led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led ROC government retreated to the island of Taiwan.China is a unitary one-party socialist republic and is one of the few existing nominally socialist states. Political dissidents and human rights groups have denounced and criticized the Chinese government for human rights abuses, including suppression of religious and ethnic minorities, censorship, mass surveillance, and their response to protests, especially in 1989. China is the biggest economy in the world by PPP because 2014, the world's second-largest market by nominal GDP since 2010, and the biggest economy in Eurasia. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been the world's fastest-growing major market, with annual growth rates consistently above 10%. According to the World Bank, China's GDP grew from $150 billion in 1978 to $12.24 trillion by 2017. China recorded the fastest rise in GDP per capita in the world from 1960 to 2018. China is the world's biggest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China retains 17.7% of the world's total wealth, the next biggest share held by any nation. China has the world's biggest banking industry, with assets of $40 trillion and the world's top 4 largest banks being in China. China has the maximum number of rich people in the world's top 10 percent of wealth since 2019 and contains one of the most billionaires of any nation in the world. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and contains the world's largest standing army, the People's Liberation Army, and the second-largest defense budget. The PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since replacing the ROC in 1971. One of the world's foremost infrastructural giants, China has the world's biggest bullet train network, the most supertall skyscrapers in the world, and pioneered the biggest transcontinental infrastructure investment project in modern history. China has been characterized as an emerging superpower, mainly because of its large market, rapid infrastructural development, and powerful military.

Source: Wikipedia