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Cambodia / COVID-19
Population 14,138,255
Total Confirmed 136282
Active 133226
Total deaths 3056
Total recovered 0
Death rate 2.24 %


Cambodia ( (listen); also Kampuchea; Khmer: កម្ពុជា [kam.pu.ciə]; French: Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជ, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, IPA: [prĕəh riə.ciə.naː.caʔ kam.pu.ciə]; French: Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It's 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. The state of Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, practised by approximately 95 percent of the population. The minority groups of cambodia include Chinese, Chams and 30 mountain tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the economic, political and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy with a monarch, now Norodom Sihamoni, chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne as head of state. The head of government is the Prime Minister, now Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal pioneer in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985. In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king, joining the Aztec Khmer princes of Chenla under the name"Kambuja". This marked the beginning of the Khmer Empire, which flourished for over 600 years, allowing successive kings to control and exert influence over much of Southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and prosperity. The Indianised kingdom facilitated the spread of first Hinduism and then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia and undertook many spiritual infrastructural projects throughout the area, including the construction of more than 1,000 temples and monuments in Angkor alone. Angkor Wat is the most famous of these structures and is designated as a World Heritage Site. From the fifteenth century, after the rebellion of Ayutthaya, which was previously dominated by the Khmer Empire, Cambodia experienced power's decrease. Cambodia faced two increasingly powerful neighbors, Ayutthaya of Thailand and Nguyen dynasty of Vietnam, and marking the recession of Cambodia's fate. In 1863, Cambodia became a protectorate of France, and later was incorporated into French Indochina of Southeast Asia. Cambodia gained independence from France in 1953. The Vietnam War expanded with the Ho Chi Minh Trail's growth and institution of the Sihanouk Trail into the Nation in 1965. This led from 1969 until 1973. Following the Cambodian coup of 1970 which installed the right-wing pro-US Khmer Republic, the deposed King Sihanouk gave his support to his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge. With the support of the monarchy and North Vietnam, the Khmer Rouge emerged as a major power, taking Phnom Penh in 1975. The Khmer Rouge subsequently completed the Cambodian genocide from 1975 until 1979, when they were ousted by Vietnam and the Vietnamese-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea, supported by the Soviet Union, in the Cambodian--Deadly War. Following the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, Cambodia was governed briefly by a United Nations mission (1992--93). The UN withdrew after holding elections in. The 1997 factional fighting resulted in the ousting of the government by Prime Minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party, who remain in power as of April 2020. Cambodia is a member of the United Nations since 1955, ASEAN, the East Asia Summit, the WTO, the Non-Aligned Movement and La Francophonie. According to many foreign organisations, the country has widespread poverty, pervasive corruption, lack of political liberty, low human growth and a higher rate of hunger. Cambodia has been described by Human Rights Watch's Southeast Asian Manager, David Roberts, as a"relatively authoritarian coalition via a superficial democracy". Constitutionally a liberal democracy, the country is effectively governed under one-party rule as of 2018. While per capita income remains low compared to most neighboring countries, Cambodia has one of the fastest growing economies in Asia, with growth averaging 7.6 percent during the previous ten years. Agriculture remains the dominant sector, with growth in construction textiles, garments and tourism contributing to increased foreign investment and trade. The United Nations designates Cambodia as a least developed country. The US World Justice Project's 2015 Rule of Law Index ranked Cambodia 125th out of 126 countries, far lower compared to other countries in the region.

Source: Wikipedia