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Land Area 527,968km²
Land Area + Seaarea
Population 24,184,000
Population density 45.8 / km²


Yemen ( (listen); Arabic: اَلْيَمَنُ, romanized: al-Yaman), sometimes spelled Yaman, officially the Republic of Yemen (Arabic: اَلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱلْيَمَنِيَّةُ, romanized: al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah, literally"Yemeni Republic"), is a country in the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is the second-largest Arab autonomous state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 square kilometres (203,850 square miles). The coastline stretches for about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 miles). It is bordered the Red Sea to the west by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory encompasses more than 200 islands, such as the Socotra islands in the Guardafui Channel. Yemen is a member of United Nations the Arab League, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation. Yemen is characterized as a failed state with higher necessity of transformation.Yemen's constitutionally stated capital is the city of Sanaa, but the city has been under Houthi rebel control since February 2015. Yemen is among the least developed countries in the world and in 2019 the United Nations reported that Yemen is the country with the most people in need of humanitarian aid, about 24 million people out of a total of 28.5 million (2019 soda. Est), or 85% of its population.In ancient times, Yemen was the home of the Sabaeans, a trading country that flourished for over a thousand years and included parts of modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea. Under the rule of the Himyarite Kingdom, the area came in 275 CE. Christianity came in the fourth century. Islam spread from the seventh century and Yemenite troops were crucial in the early Islamic conquests. The administration of Yemen has been notoriously difficult. Dynasties emerged to 16th centuries from the ninth, the Rasulid dynasty being the strongest and most prosperous. The country was divided between the British and Ottoman empires. The Zaydi Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen was established before the creation of the Yemen Arab Republic after World War I in North Yemen in 1962. South Yemen remained a British protectorate called the Aden Protectorate when it became a state and later, an independent country. The two Yemeni states united to form the modern Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūrīyah al-Yamanīyah) in 1990. President Ali Abdullah Saleh was the first president of the new republic in the aftermath of the Arab Spring until his resignation in 2012. His rule has been described as a kleptocracy.Since 2011, Yemen has been in a state of political crisis starting with street protests against poverty, corruption, unemployment, and president Saleh's strategy to overthrow Yemen's constitution and eliminate the presidential term limit, in effect making him president for life. President Saleh stepped down and the powers of the presidency were transferred to Vice President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who was formally elected president on 21 February 2012. The absence of government in this transition process exacerbated several clashes on-going in the country, such as the al-Qaeda insurgency, as well as the armed conflict of Ansar Allah militia and the forces. In September 2014, the Houthis took Sana'a with the help of the ousted president Saleh over declaring themselves the national government after a coup d'état; Saleh was shot dead by a sniper in Sana'a in December 2017. This resulted in a new civil war and a Saudi intervention aimed at restoring Hadi's government. Combatants and at least 56,000 civilians have been killed in violence in Yemen since January 2016. The conflict has led to a famine affecting 17 million people. The absence of safe drinking water, caused the destruction of the water infrastructure of the country and by aquifers, has also caused the biggest cholera outbreak in modern history , with the amount of cases. Over 2,226 people have died since the epidemic started to spread rapidly at the end of April 2017. The ongoing crisis has worsened the rights record that was already characterized by torture, extrajudicial killings, and restricted civil liberties of the country. The war (which led to the aforementioned large deaths, a famine, and a cholera outbreak) has received widespread criticism for having a dramatic worsening effect on Yemen's humanitarian situation, that some state has attained the level of a"humanitarian disaster" and some have labelled it as a genocide.

Source: Wikipedia