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Land Area 88,802km²
Land Area + Seaarea
Population 6,343,000
Population density 71.4 / km²


Jordan (Arabic: الأردن‎; tr. Al-ʾUrdunn [al.ʔur.dunː]), formally the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية; tr. Al-Mamlakah al-'Urdunniyyah Al-Hāshimiyyah), is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to Syria to the north and the east, Iraq to the north-east, the south and Israel and Palestine to the west. The Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a 26-kilometre (16 mi) coastline on the Red Sea in its intense south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city in addition to the country's economic, cultural and political centre.What is now Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. Three kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Moab, Ammon and Edom. Later rulers comprise the Roman Empire, the Nabataean Kingdom, and the Ottoman Empire. Following the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in 1916 during World War I, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned by Britain and France. The Hashemite established in 1921 the Emirate of Transjordan Emir, Abdullah I, and the emirate became a British protectorate. In 1946, Jordan became an independent state formally known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan following the country seized the West Bank during the 1948 Arab--Israeli War and annexed it before it was lost to Israel in 1967. Jordan renounced its claim to the territory in 1988, and became one of two Arab countries to sign a peace treaty with Israel in 1994. Jordan is a member of the Arab League and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation. The state is a constitutional monarchy, but the king holds legislative and executive powers. Jordan is a relatively small, semi-arid, almost landlocked country with an area of 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi) and a population numbering 10 million, which makes it the 11th-most populous Arab country. Sunni Islam, practiced by around 95% of the population, is the dominant religion and coexists with an minority that is Christian. Jordan has been repeatedly referred to as an"oasis of stability" in a turbulent region. It's been unscathed. From as early as 1948, Jordan has accepted refugees. An estimated 2.1 million Palestinian and 1.4 million Syrian refugees are present in Jordan as of a 2015 census. The kingdom is a refuge to thousands of Christians. While Jordan continues to take refugees, the recent large influx from Syria placed substantial strain on national resources and infrastructure.Jordan is categorized as a country of"high human development" with an"upper middle income" economy. The Jordanian economy, among the economies in the region, is attractive to investors based upon a skilled workforce. The country is a significant tourist destination, also attracting medical tourism because of its well developed health industry. Nonetheless, economic growth has been hampered by a lack of resources , large flow of refugees and turmoil.

Source: Wikipedia