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Land Area 276,841km²
Land Area + Seaarea
Population 13,755,680
Population density 49.7 / km²


<p>Ecuador ( (listen) EK-wə-dor; Spanish pronunciation: [ekwaˈðoɾ] (listen); Quechua: Ikwayur; Shuar: Ecuador or Ekuatur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Quechua: Ikwadur Ripuwlika; Shuar: Ekuatur Nunka), is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. </p>Ecuador also contains the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland. The capital and largest city is Quito.The territories of modern-day Ecuador were once home to a variety of Amerindian groups which were gradually incorporated into the Inca Empire during the 15th century. The territory was colonized by Spain achieving independence in 1820 as part of Gran Colombia, where it emerged as its own state in 1830. The legacy of both empires is reflected in Ecuador's ethnically diverse population, with most of its 17.1 million people being mestizos, followed by large minorities of European, Amerindian, and African descendants. Though 13 Amerindian languages are also known, spanish is the official language and is spoken by a majority of the populace, including Quichua and Shuar. The state of Ecuador is a middle-income representative democratic republic and a developed country that is very dependent on namely petroleum commodities and agricultural products. It's governed as a republic. Among 17 megadiverse countries in the world hosts many endemic plants and animals, like those of the Galápagos Islands. In recognition of its unique heritage, the new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize enforceable Rights of ecosystem rights, or Nature. It also has the lowest homicide rate in the Americas. Between 2006 and 2016, poverty decreased from 36.7percent to 22.5percent and annual per capita GDP growth was 1.5 percent (compared to 0.6 percent over the previous two decades). At the same time, the nation's Gini index of economic inequality decreased from 0.55 to 0.47.

Source: Wikipedia