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StateCapital Region of Denmark


Population 613,288


Copenhagen (Danish: København [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwˀn] (listen)) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of 1 January 2020, the city had a population of 794,128 with 632,340 in Copenhagen Municipality, 104,305 at Frederiksberg Municipality, 42,989 at Tårnby Municipality, and 14,494 at Dragør Municipality. It forms the core of the wider metropolitan area of Copenhagen (population 1,330,993) and the Copenhagen metropolitan area (population 2,057,142). Copenhagen is located on the eastern shore of the island of Zealand; another section of the city can be found on Amager, and it's separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road. Originally a Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century, it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences, and armed forces. During the Renaissance the city functioned as the de facto capital being the seat of government of the Kalmar Union, regulating the whole present day Nordic area in a personal union with Sweden and Norway ruled by the Danish monarch serving as the head of state. The city prospered as the cultural and economic centre of Scandinavia under the marriage for well over 120 years, beginning in the 15th century up until the beginning of the 16th century when the marriage was dissolved with Sweden leaving the union through a rebellion. After a plague outbreak and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment. This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and heritage of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age attracted a Neoclassical appearance to Copenhagen's architecture.

Afterwards, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the growth of businesses and housing along the five urban railroad routes stretching out from the city centre. Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural growth, facilitated by investment in its infrastructure and institutions. The city is the cultural, political and economic centre of Denmark; it's one of the major financial centers of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange. Copenhagen's economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology, pharmaceuticals and fresh technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become increasingly integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is overrun by parks, promenades, and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle Gardens, Frederik's Church, and lots of museums, nightclubs and restaurants are important tourist attractions. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and the IT University of Copenhagen. The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs. The yearly Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world. The Copenhagen Metro, launched in 2002, serves central Copenhagen. Additionally, the Copenhagen S-train, the Lokaltog (private railway), and the Coast Line network serve and join central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. Serving roughly two million passengers per month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries.

Source: Wikipedia