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Ashgabat vs Gaborone

Ashgabat
Gaborone
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Ashgabat

State
CountryTurkmenistan
Capital
Population 909,000
Postcode

Informations

Ashgabat (Turkmen: Aşgabat; Ашгабат, pronounced [ɑʃʁɑˈbɑt], Persian: عشق آباد‎; Russian: Ашхабад), formerly named Poltoratsk (Russian: Полтора́цк, IPA: [pəltɐˈratsk]) between 1919 and 1927, is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan. It is situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range in Central Asia. It is also near the Iran-Turkmenistan border. The city was founded in 1881 on the basis of an Ahal Teke tribal village, and made the capital of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924.



Much of the city was destroyed by the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake but has since been extensively rebuilt under the rule of Saparmurat Niyazov’s "White City" urban renewal project, resulting in monumental projects sheathed in costly white marble. The Soviet-era Karakum Canal runs through the city, carrying waters from the Amu Darya from east to west. Since 2019, the city has been recognized as having one of the highest costs of living in the world largely due to Turkmenistan's inflation and import issues.

Source: Wikipedia
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Gaborone

StateSouth-East District
CountryBotswana
Capital
Population 231,626
Postcode09267

Informations

Gaborone (UK: GAB-ə-ROH-nee, HAB-, US: GAH-bə-ROH-nee, -⁠nay, Tswana: [χabʊˈrʊnɛ]) is the capital and largest city of Botswana with a population of 231,626 according to the 2011 census, roughly 10 percent of the total population of Botswana. Its agglomeration is home to 421,907 inhabitants in the 2011 census. Gaborone City is located between Kgale Hill and Oodi Hill, near the confluence of the Notwane River and Segoditshane River at the south-eastern corner of Botswana, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) in the South African border. The town is served by the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport. It's an administrative district in its own right, but is the capital of the surrounding South-East District. Locals often refer to the city as GC or Motse-Mshate. The city of Gaborone is named after Chief Gaborone of the Tlokwa tribe, who dominated land nearby. Since it had no tribal affiliation and was near fresh water, the town was planned to be the capital in the mid-1960s when the Bechuanaland Protectorate became an independent nation.



The centre of the town is a long strip of commercial businesses, known as"Main Mall" with a semicircle-shaped area of government offices to its east. Gaborone is one of those fastest-growing cities in the world, which has created problems with home and illegal settlements. The town has also dealt with conflicts spilling into the country from Zimbabwe and South Africa during the 1980s. Gaborone is the economic capital as well as the government capital; it is headquarters to numerous companies and the Botswana Stock Exchange. Gaborone is also home to the Southern African Development Community (SADC), a regional economic community situated in 1980. Many languages are spoken there, Setswana (Tswana) being the major tongue. English, Kalanga, and Kgalagadi are also spoken.

Source: Wikipedia

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