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Aden City vs Kigali

Aden City
Kigali
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Aden City

StateAden Governorate
CountryYemen
Capital
Population 0
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Aden is the UK's AY-d@n and US's AH-den. It is located near the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden) at 170 km (110 miles) east of Bab-el-Mandeb. The city is home to approximately 800,000. Aden's natural harbour is located in the crater a dormant volcano. It now forms a peninsula that connects to the mainland via a low isthmus. Front Bay was the first harbour to be used by the ancient Kingdom, Awsan, between the 7th and 5th centuries BC. On the opposite side of the peninsula is the modern harbour. The Gulf of Aden is named after Aden. Aden is made up of several sub-centres. Crater was the original port city. Maalla was the modern port. Tawahi, also known as Steamer Point during colonial times, and the resorts at Gold Mohur are all part of the main centre. Khormaksar is located on the isthmus connecting Aden with the mainland. It houses the city's diplomatic missions and the main offices for Aden University. Aden International Airport, which was formerly the British Royal Air Force station RAF Khormaksar (Yemens second largest airport), is also here. The sub-centres and Al-Mansura are located on the mainland. These were once an oasis area. Madinat ash-Shab, formerly Madinat al-Itihad, is now the capital of South Arabian Federation. It also houses Aden University's large power/desalinization plant and additional faculties. Aden surrounds the eastern end of the vast, natural harbour that forms the modern port. This made it necessary to create the Cisterns at Tawila, Aden's reservoirs.



According to Ibn Battuta (14th-century scholar), these reservoirs store rainwater solely for the purpose of drinking by the citizens. It is a prosperous city with many wealthy merchants and Indian ships arriving to trade. The port and harbour on the west side are enclosed by the volcanic peninsula of Little Aden. Little Aden was the location of the oil refinery, and the tanker port. They were both established by British Petroleum and were operated until 1978 when they were handed over to the Yemeni government. Aden was the capital of Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen from 1990 to its unification with Yemen Arab Republic. It briefly served again as Yemen's temporary capital after the Houthi takeover of Yemen. This was declared by President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi following his escape from the Houthi occupation of Sanaa. The Battle of Aden was fought between President Hadi's government forces and the Houthis from March 2015 to July 2015. The city was short of water, food, and medical supplies. The Saudi Army launched an offensive on 14 July to retake Aden in support of the Yemeni government. The Houthis were expelled from Aden within three days. The Southern Transitional Council has seized Aden since February 2018. Supported by UAE, the Southern Transitional Council has taken control of Aden. Former Mayor Aidroos Alzubaidi was fired by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and sacked ex-Minister Salfi-religious leader Hani Bin Buraik.

Source: Wikipedia
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Kigali

StateKigali City
CountryRwanda
Capital
Population 0
Postcode

Informations

Kigali (Kinyarwanda: [ci.ɡɑ́.ɾi]) is the capital and largest city of Rwanda. It's near the country's geographical centre in a region of rolling hills, with a succession of valleys and ridges joined by steep slopes. The town has been Rwanda's economic, cultural, and transportation hub because it became the capital following independence from Belgian rule in 1962. In a place controlled by the Kingdom of Rwanda from the 17th century and then by the German Empire, the city was founded in 1908 when Richard Kandt, the colonial resident, chose the site for his headquarters, citing its central location, views and safety. Foreign merchants started to trade in the city during the German era, and Kandt opened some government-run schools for Tutsi Rwandan students. Belgium took control of Rwanda and Burundi during World War I, forming the mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. Kigali remained the seat of colonial administration for Rwanda but Ruanda-Urundi's capital was at Usumbura (currently Bujumbura) in Burundi and Kigali remained a small city with a population of just 6,000 at the time of independence. Kigali grew slowly during the next decades. It wasn't initially directly affected by the Rwandan Civil War between government forces and the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), which started in 1990.



However, in April 1994 Rwanda's president was killed when his aircraft was shot down near Kigali. Social tensions erupted from the genocide that followed, with Hutu extremists loyal to the interim government killing an estimated 500,000--1,000,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu nationwide. The RPF resumed fighting, finishing a cease-fire of over a year. They slowly took control of most of the country and captured Kigali on 4 July 1994. Post-genocide Kigali has experienced rapid population growth, with much of the town rebuilt. The city of Kigali is one of the five provinces of Rwanda, with boundaries set in 2006. It's divided into three districts--Gasabo, Kicukiro, and Nyarugenge--which historically had management of significant areas of local governance. Reforms in January 2020 moved a lot of the districts' power into the city-wide council. The town also hosts the main residence and offices of the President of Rwanda and many government ministries. The largest contributor to Kigali's gross domestic product is the service industry, but a significant proportion of the population works in agriculture such as small subsistence farming. Attracting international visitors is a priority for city authorities, including leisure tourism, conventions and exhibitions.

Source: Wikipedia

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