Asunción (UK:, US:, Spanish: [asunˈsjon]) is the capital and the biggest city of Paraguay in South America.
The town stands on the left bank of the Paraguay River, almost at the confluence of this river with the River Pilcomayo. The Paraguay River and the Bay of Asunción from the northwest separate the city from the Occidental Region of Paraguay and from Argentina in the south part of the city. The remainder of the town is surrounded by the Central Department.
Administratively, the city creates an autonomous capital district, not a part of any department. The metropolitan area, known as Gran Asunción, includes the cities of San Lorenzo, Fernando de la Mora, Lambaré, Luque, Mariano Roque Alonso, Ñemby, San Antonio, Limpio, Capiatá and Villa Elisa, which are part of the Central Department. The Asunción metropolitan region has around two million inhabitants. The Asunción Stock Exchange lists the Municipality of Asunción as BVPASA: MUA.
Asunción is one of the oldest cities in South America and the longest continually inhabited place from the Río de la Plata Basin; for this reason it's called"the Mother of Cities". By Asunción colonial expeditions departed to found other towns, including the second base of Buenos Aires and other major cities such as Villarrica, Corrientes, Santa Fe and Santa Cruz de la Sierra.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network classifies Asunción as a "Gamma City". It's the house of the national authorities, principal port, and the chief industrial and cultural center of Paraguay. Near Asunción are the headquarters of the CONMEBOL, the continental governing body of association football in South America. Asunción ranks among the cheapest cities in the world for foreign people.