The Eiffel Tower ( EYE-f?l; French: tour Eiffel [tu???f?l] (listen)) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It's named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose firm designed and built the tower.
Constructed from 1887 to 1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, it was initially criticised by a number of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but it has become a worldwide cultural icon of France and one of the most recognisable structures on the planet. The Eiffel Tower is the most-visited paid monument in the world; 6.91 million people ascended it in 2015.
The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey construction, and also the tallest structure in Paris. Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was completed in 1930.
Shanghai World Financial Center
The Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC; Chinese: ????????) is a supertall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai. It was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by the Mori Building Company, with Leslie E. Robertson Associates as its structural engineer and China State Construction Engineering Corp and Shanghai Construction (Group) General Co. as its primary contractor. It is a mixed-use skyscraper, comprising offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and ground-floor shopping malls. Park Hyatt Shanghai is the tower's hotel element, comprising 174 rooms and suites occupying the 79th to the 93rd floors, which at the time of completion was the highest hotel in the world. It is currently the third-highest hotel on earth after the Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong, which occupies floors 102 to 118 of the International Commerce Centre.On 14 September 2007, the skyscraper was topped out and is 492 meters (1,614.2 feet ), which makes it the 12th tallest building in the world and the fourth tallest structure in Mainland China. The SWFC opened to the general public on 28 August 2008, with its observation deck opening on 30 August. The observation deck offers views from 474 m (1,555 feet ) above ground level.The SWFC was lauded for its design, and in 2008 it was named by architects as the year's best-completed skyscraper. In 2013, the SWFC was exceeded in height by the adjoining Shanghai Tower, which will be China's tallest structure as of 2017. Collectively, The Shanghai World Financial Center, The Shanghai Tower and The Jin Mao Tower form the world's first adjoining grouping of three supertall skyscrapers.Source: Wikipedia
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