Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the striking clock in the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London; the name is often extended to refer to both the clock and the clock tower. The official name of this tower in which Big Ben is located was originally the Clock Tower; it was renamed Elizabeth Tower in 2012 to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Queen of the uk.
The tower was designed by Augustus Pugin at a neo-Gothic style. When completed in 1859, its clock was the largest and most accurate four-faced striking and chiming clock on the planet. The tower stands 315 ft (96 m) tall, and the climb from ground level to the belfry is 334 steps. Its foundation is square, measuring 39 ft (12 m) on each side. Dials of the clock are 23 feet (7.0 m) in diameter. On 31 May 2009, celebrations were held to mark the tower's 150th anniversary.Big Ben is the biggest of the tower's five bells and weighs 13.5 long tons (13.7 tonnes; 15.1 short tons). It was the biggest bell in the United Kingdom for 23 years. The origin of this bell's nickname is open to question; it might be named after Sir Benjamin Hall, who oversaw its own installation, or heavyweight boxing champion Benjamin Caunt.
Shanghai World Financial Center
The Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC; Chinese: ????????) is a supertall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai. It was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by the Mori Building Company, with Leslie E. Robertson Associates as its structural engineer and China State Construction Engineering Corp and Shanghai Construction (Group) General Co. as its primary contractor. It is a mixed-use skyscraper, comprising offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and ground-floor shopping malls. Park Hyatt Shanghai is the tower's hotel element, comprising 174 rooms and suites occupying the 79th to the 93rd floors, which at the time of completion was the highest hotel in the world. It is currently the third-highest hotel on earth after the Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong, which occupies floors 102 to 118 of the International Commerce Centre.On 14 September 2007, the skyscraper was topped out and is 492 meters (1,614.2 feet ), which makes it the 12th tallest building in the world and the fourth tallest structure in Mainland China. The SWFC opened to the general public on 28 August 2008, with its observation deck opening on 30 August. The observation deck offers views from 474 m (1,555 feet ) above ground level.The SWFC was lauded for its design, and in 2008 it was named by architects as the year's best-completed skyscraper. In 2013, the SWFC was exceeded in height by the adjoining Shanghai Tower, which will be China's tallest structure as of 2017. Collectively, The Shanghai World Financial Center, The Shanghai Tower and The Jin Mao Tower form the world's first adjoining grouping of three supertall skyscrapers.Source: Wikipedia
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