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Eurofighter Typhoon

Eurofighter Typhoon
Eurofighter Typhoon
Speed (km/h)2,495

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard--delta wing, multirole fighter. The Typhoon was created originally as an air superiority fighter and is manufactured by a consortium of Airbus, BAE Systems and Leonardo that conducts nearly all the project through a joint holding company, Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH. NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency oversees the project and is the prime customer.The aircraft's development effectively started in 1983 with the Future European Fighter Aircraft programme, a multinational alliance among the UK, Germany, France, Italy and Spain. Disagreements over design authority and operational requirements led France to leave the consortium to develop the Dassault Rafale independently. A technology demonstration aircraft, the British Aerospace EAP, first flew on 6 August 1986; the first prototype of the finalised Eurofighter made its first flight on 27 March 1994. The aircraft's title, Typhoon, was adopted in September 1998 and the first production contracts were signed that year. The sudden end of the Cold War reduced European need for fighter aircraft and resulted in disagreement over the aircraft's work and cost share and protracted the Typhoon's development: the Typhoon entered operational service in 2003 and is currently in service with the air forces of Austria, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain, Saudi Arabia and Oman. Kuwait and Qatar also have purchased the aircraft, bringing the procurement complete to 623 aircraft as of 2019. The Eurofighter Typhoon is an extremely agile aircraft, designed to be a supremely effective dogfighter in battle. Later production aircraft are increasingly better equipped to tackle air-to-surface strike missions and also to be compatible with an increasing number of unique armaments and equipment, including Storm Shadow and Brimstone missiles. The Typhoon had its combat debut during the 2011 military intervention in Libya with the UK's Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Italian Air Force, performing aerial reconnaissance and ground-strike missions. The kind has also taken primary responsibility for air-defence responsibilities for nearly all customer nations.

Source: Wikipedia