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The Airbus A320 family are airliners designed and made by Airbus. The A320 first flew on 22 February 1987, was launched in March 1984, and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321 (first delivered in January 1994), the briefer A319 (April 1996), and the even shorter A318 (July 2003). Assembly takes place in Tianjin in China since 2009; Hamburg in Germany; Toulouse in France; and in Mobile, Alabama in the United States since April 2016. The twinjet includes a and is powered by CFM56 or IAE V2500 turbofans, except the CFM56/PW6000 powered A318. The family pioneered the use of flight controls that were side-stick and electronic fly-by-wire in airliners. Variants provide maximum take-off weights from 68 to 93.5 t (150,000 to 206,000 lb), to pay a 5,740--6,940 km (3,100--3,750 nmi) range. The 31.4 m (103 ft) long A318 typically accommodates 107 to 132 passengers. The 124-156 seats A319 is 33.8 m (111 ft) long. The A320 is 37.

6 m (123 ft) long and can accommodate 150 to 186 passengers. The 44.5 m (146 ft) A321 provides 185 to 230 seats. The Airbus Corporate Jets are business jet versions. In December 2010, Airbus announced the re-engined A320neo (new engine option), which entered service with Lufthansa in January 2016. With improvements and efficient turbofans including sharklets, it provides up to 15% better fuel economy. Earlier A320s are now referred to as A320ceo (current engine option). It surpassed the Boeing 737 to become the highest-selling airliner. As of January 2020, a total of 9,273 aircraft have been delivered to more than 330 operators including low-cost carriers, with 8,814 aircraft in support. American Airlines is the largest operator with 414 aircraft. Orders pending were 6,068, for a total of 15,315 orders. While the 737 MAX is Boeing's response to the A320neo the A320ceo initially competed with the 737 Classic and the MD-80, then the MD-90 and the 737 Next Generation.

Source: Wikipedia

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